A total of 5,862 health care workers have contracted COVID-19 in New Hampshire since the pandemic began, 87 have been hospitalized and 10 have died, according to state statistics.

But that hasn’t stopped a vocal group of nurses and others in the medical industry from loudly objecting to vaccination requirements, even at the risk of losing their jobs.

The Biden Administration is requiring COVID-19 vaccinations of staff at Medicare- and Medicaid-certified facilities to protect them and patients from the virus and its more contagious Delta variant. It has also ordered the Occupational Safety and Health Administration to draft a rule requiring employers with at least 100 workers to force employees to get vaccinated or produce weekly test results showing they are virus free.

Registered nurse Terese Grinnell has been outspoken against COVID-19 vaccination mandates. She previously worked at Concord Hospital, Dartmouth Hitchcock and Concord Regional Visiting Nurse Association. She declined to state her present employer but said she works with critically ill patients.

Grinnell organizes regular protests outside Concord Hospital. She has posted photos of protests involving about a dozen people outside the hospital. Grinnell says other nurses and health care professionals join in.

She calls for the impeachment of Republican Gov. Chris Sununu. She reposted an article that compared mask mandates to the Holocaust and included a graphic of syringes formed to shape a Nazi swastika.

Beginning activism

Grinnell began her activism after learning a pregnant nursing student was being required to take the inoculation in order to continue her education program.

“I have a lot of friends who are not comfortable with the injection,” she said in an interview. “They’ve seen patients with adverse reactions. It has not been out long enough and many of us lived through COVID outbreaks in the hospital, many of us have had COVID, and it doesn’t make any sense that we would have to put something man-made into our systems and yet we’re losing our livelihoods over it.”

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says the vaccine is safe and effective, the benefits of receiving the vaccination, including during pregnancy, far outweigh extremely rare side effects.

The CDC also says the vaccine was thoroughly researched and tested and is subject to the most intense safety monitoring program in U.S history. It also recommends the vaccine for those who have already had the virus, saying people get better protection by being fully vaccinated.

This advice is also supported by the state Department of Health and Human Services, the American Medical Association, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine and the American Nurses Association, among others.

While the vaccine was developed rapidly, efficacy and safety protocols of clinical trials, assessment of data and Food and Drug Administration authorization and approval were followed.

The process was sped by years of experience with similar diseases, decades of research on mRNA technology used in the vaccine, early sequencing of the virus genome, clinical testing stages done in parallel rather than one at time and billions of dollars in government investment, including in manufacturing and distribution. Government red tape was also cut in some instances.

Other vaccines

Grinnell said she and her children have taken other vaccinations, but she said she simply doesn’t believe the conventional wisdom about the importance of receiving this one.

“My intuition tells me that based on what I’ve seen and my own evidence, my own patient experiences and then my research that I’ve done, my intuition tells me there is no rational reason for me to be doing this to my body at this time,” Grinnell said.

She said this view should be accepted and medical staff shouldn’t be required to receive a vaccine as a condition of employment.

Grinnell compared her stance to that of Jehova’s Witness followers who refuse blood transfusions.

Grinnell said that, similarly, her refusal to take the vaccine is a personal decision. She rejects the notion that during a global pandemic one’s decision to remain unvaccinated affects others throughout society.

“The vaccine is 95 percent effective to reduce your symptoms, but you can still contract and you can still transmit, just as much as the unvaccinated,” she said. “So, we’re operating under a lie.”

The CDC says the risk of infection, hospitalization and death are all much lower in vaccinated people compared to the unvaccinated. Unvaccinated people remain the biggest concern.

“The greatest risk of transmission is among unvaccinated people who are much more likely to get infected, and therefore transmit the virus,” the CDC says. “Fully vaccinated people get COVID-19 (known as breakthrough infections) less often than unvaccinated people.”

Grinnell said that if she were to get the virus, she wouldn’t be a danger to her patients since she tests regularly, would stay home after a positive test or symptoms, and wears personal protection equipment that would prevent transmission of the disease.

Grinnell also said ivermectin has not been sufficiently utilized to combat the virus. Ivermectin is an anti-parasitic medication not authorized or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in preventing or treating COVID-19.

Sununu’s position

The governor also commented on one of Grinnell’s Facebook posts calling for him to block vaccine mandates.

Sununu says that while he doesn’t support such mandates, it is not within his power to tell private businesses what they may require of their employees.

“The government can’t infringe on the rights of a private business and tell a private entity who to hire and fire,” he said. “Even if we don’t agree, there are limits to government overreach.”

“If you believe that the government must ensure you don’t get fired from your employer, I’m sorry, but that’s not right. Having a specific job with a specific private employer is not an inalienable right of freedom.”

Vaccine support

Pamela P. DiNapoli, a registered nurse who is executive director of the New Hampshire Nurses Association, said only a fraction of health care workers oppose COVID-19 vaccinations.

An AMA survey showed more than 96% of doctors have been vaccinated.The American Nurses Association reports that 88% of nurses in the U.S. are vaccinated.

“When you talk to the public, they might think there are a lot of nurses who have not been vaccinated,” DiNapoli said. “But in our talking to nurses, before the mandate, maybe 80 percent of the nurses had voluntarily been vaccinated, and now another 10 percent have been vaccinated, so maybe 10 percent have not been vaccinated.”

She said there has not been a significant number of nurses who have resigned rather than take the vaccine.

DiNapoli said hospitals have been providing education and training for nurses who are hesitant to receive the vaccine, or who still have questions such as the inoculation’s effect on fertility.

The CDC says there is no evidence showing that any vaccines, including COVID-19 vaccines, cause fertility problems.

Others question whether the mandate allows a face mask to be worn instead of receiving a vaccination. The answer is no.

Some want to know if they can get a religious exemption from the mandate. This would technically be possible, but only if there was a specific and verified religious prohibition, DiNapoli said. There is no “conscientious objector” exemption.

“They (hospitals) are doing individual education really encouraging understanding of the science and not the misinformation, and then the nurses are going to have a choice whether or not they are going to stay or move to another organization that maybe is not mandating the vaccine,” she said.

Conflicted nurses

DiNapoli said nurses sometimes are conflicted when they see unvaccinated people come down with serious cases of the disease. The majority of the people hospitalized for COVID-19 are unvaccinated.

“You have a preventable disease, and now you’re straining my resources, you’re straining resources from people who have a heart attack, stroke, who need those beds,” she said.

Of the more than 50,000 COVID-19 cases reported in New Hampshire over the past eight months, only 3 percent involve people who were vaccinated, according to state statistics.

“The nurses who are vaccinated can’t understand those who are not vaccinated,” DiNapoli said.

She also said there is a code of ethics in nursing requiring “justice and do no harm.”

“You have by virtue of your license said that you will do no harm and we know by the science that you could potentially harm children who can’t get vaccinated and the immunocompromised,” she said.

DiNapoli said she hopes to reach people who are vaccine hesitant, but feels she doesn’t have much opportunity to change the mind of true vaccine opponents, including those in the New Hampshire Legislature, science notwithstanding.

She also acknowledged that there is already a shortage of nurses, which could be exacerbated if some nurses refuse to abide by a vaccine requirement.

There are 50,000 licensed nurses in the state, and DiNapoli said she has not heard of one who has had serious side effects.

Political divide

Mindi Messmer of the New Hampshire Science and Public Health Task Force said she supports vaccination mandates for health professionals and others “based on the fact that unvaccinated individuals nationally and in New Hampshire are more likely to be infected, have higher levels of the virus in their nasal passages, and therefore transmit the virus.”

Surveys have shown a correlation between vaccination rates and political beliefs. Joe Biden supporters are more likely than Donald Trump supporters to be vaccinated, although Trump himself was vaccinated after being hospitalized with COVID-19.

“It is disconcerting that some healthcare professionals are choosing political beliefs over data to inform their choices regarding the COVID-19 vaccine,” Messmer said.

A total of 54.5 percent of New Hampshire residents are fully vaccinated against the virus, 59.8 percent have received at least one dose of the vaccine, 1,497 have died of COVID-19 in the state and 700,000 have died across the nation, according to state and federal statistics.

These articles are being shared by partners in The Granite State News Collaborative. For more information visit collaborativenh.org.

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